Talk of the Nation on HD-2 en After 11 Years Behind The Host Mic, Neal Conan Signs Off Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>And so it's time to say goodbye. As you probably know, this, after 21 years, is the final broadcast of TALK OF THE NATION, and after 36 years, my last day at NPR.<p>Before I go, there are some people to thank. First, my predecessors in this chair: John Hockenberry, Ray Suarez, Juan Williams and the many substitutes who allowed us time off.<p>There have been dozens of people on the staff over the years, the people whose names you heard after Letters on Tuesdays, the people who made this program happen. Thu, 27 Jun 2013 17:45:00 +0000 editor 36148 at So Hard To Say Goodbye: Advice For Farewell Notes Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>Looking ahead to our last day, many of our friends and colleagues have been faced with a dilemma. Well, how do you say goodbye? For many of us, finding the right words can be difficult. And when inspiration fails and panic sets in, well, we often turn to the long racks of greeting cards. So we've asked former Hallmark greeting card writer and creator of the YouTube series "Greeting Card Emergency" David Ellis Dickerson. He'll join us in a moment. But what's the best goodbye card you ever got? 800-989-8255. Email us: Thu, 27 Jun 2013 17:44:00 +0000 editor 36150 at Hopes And Fears For The Future Of The World, With Ted Koppel Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan, in Washington. As some of you may know, this program began in the crisis that led up to what we now call the first Gulf War, in 1991, as Daniel Schorr and I anchored live coverage of briefings from the White House and the Pentagon and congressional hearings.<p>I got called away to other duties, so Dan took over, and when events failed to start on time, he took phone calls. Thu, 27 Jun 2013 17:34:00 +0000 editor 36149 at Gospel Legend Mavis Staples Comes 'Full Circle' <p></p> Wed, 26 Jun 2013 18:23:00 +0000 editor 36093 at Gospel Legend Mavis Staples Comes 'Full Circle' A Look Ahead And A Farewell To The Political Junkie Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan, in Washington. It's Markey in Massachusetts, the court nixes DOMA and Prop 8, and the president bows to the summer heat and discards his jacket to take on climate change. Wed, 26 Jun 2013 18:11:00 +0000 editor 36095 at What Changes After Supreme Court Rulings On Prop 8 And DOMA In a 5-4 decision in U.S. v. Windsor, the Supreme Court ruled the federal Defense Of Marriage Act unconstitutional. The court rules that supporters of California's Proposition 8 case did not have standing to bring the case to court, which means same-sex marriages in California may resume. Wed, 26 Jun 2013 18:07:00 +0000 editor 36094 at Surgeons Nuland And Gawande Look To The Future Of Medicine Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. Of the many programs we've aired over the years on medicine, none has been more interesting than the series of conversations with Sherwin Nuland and Atul Gawande, both surgeons and teachers. Both have also gone public as writers on their profession both to inform the public about what they do and why and how it's changing and to speak with their colleagues about what works and what doesn't.<p>We're taking advantage of our series Looking Ahead to ask them back. Tue, 25 Jun 2013 18:56:00 +0000 editor 36050 at Saudi Arabia Solidifies Support Of Syrian Opposition Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>Earlier today, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry held a joint news conference with Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal who told reporters his country can not ignore military intervention from Iran and Hezbollah in support of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria. Saudi Arabia already sends arms to the Syrian opposition. The U.S. also plans to provide light arms to the rebel forces. But the Saudi foreign minister said more is now required. NPR foreign correspondent Deb Amos joins us now from NPR's bureau in Beirut. Tue, 25 Jun 2013 17:40:00 +0000 editor 36031 at What Changes After Supreme Court Ruling On Voting Rights Act Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. This morning in a much anticipated decision, the Supreme Court struck down a key provision of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. Tue, 25 Jun 2013 17:38:00 +0000 editor 36030 at 'Let The Fire Burn': A Philadelphia Community Forever Changed On May 13, 1985, after a long standoff, Philadelphia municipal authorities dropped a bomb on a residential row house. Tue, 25 Jun 2013 17:27:00 +0000 editor 36029 at 'Let The Fire Burn': A Philadelphia Community Forever Changed Op-Ed: Emerging Labor Movement Is A Presidential Opportunity Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>And now, time for the Opinion Page. There's a new kind of labor movement in the United States led by those who are not in unions, primarily retail and fast-food workers. These workers are protesting before they unionize. And in a column for the Chicago Tribune, columnist Clarence Page compares this new labor movement to Occupy Wall Street.<p>If you work in the fast-food industry, if you own a fast-food franchise, what would a change in the minimum wage law mean for you? 800-989-8255 is our phone number. Email us: Mon, 24 Jun 2013 19:57:00 +0000 editor 35983 at What's Changed In The Military, And What's Next Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan. After the war in Vietnam, the U.S. military changed in profound ways. A conscript force became all volunteer. Congress changed the rules to force much more extensive use of the National Guard in any future conflict. Training and equipment emphasized fighting at night. And technology made blunt instruments like aerial bombing far more precise.<p>Scarred by the experience of a war lost in the jungles of Indochina, U.S. military focused on conventional combat. Mon, 24 Jun 2013 19:57:00 +0000 editor 35984 at The Number Of U.S. Children In Poverty Continues To Grow According to the Annie E. Casey Foundation's annual Kids Count survey, children in the U.S. are experiencing a setback in their economic well-being due to the lingering effects of the recession. However, there have been some improvements. Mon, 24 Jun 2013 18:07:00 +0000 editor 35967 at 'The Will To Adorn': What We Wear And What It Says About Us Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. When you looked in the closet this morning, what did you pick out, and why? The power suit, the blouse that fits just right, the jeans and the boots? Even if you wear a uniform or overalls, we all make decisions about what we look like and why. Hair says a lot. So do accessories. But any message is also open to misinterpretation. Mon, 24 Jun 2013 18:06:00 +0000 editor 35966 at After Supreme Court Ruling On Affirmative Action, What's Next? Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. We're going to focus most of this hour on the United States military and look ahead at what kind of changes to anticipate after Iraq and Afghanistan, but first to the Supreme Court. Earlier today, the justices chose not to issue a sweeping opinion on affirmative action. Mon, 24 Jun 2013 17:55:00 +0000 editor 35968 at E.O. Wilson's Advice for Future Scientists Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>This is SCIENCE FRIDAY. I'm Ira Flatow. In his long career studying ants, nature and ecology, E.O. Wilson has been no stranger to controversy. In the 1970s he was doused with water at a science meeting for presenting his theory on sociobiology. Another new evolutionary theory he introduced a few years ago on kin selection continues to be hotly debated.<p>One blogger called the battle about the theory, quote, "a scientific gang fight." Dr. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35859 at Goodnight Moon, Goodnight Math Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>OK. Maybe E. O. Wilson's comments in his new book, "Letters to a Young Scientist", essentially says you don't want to have to be great at math to have a career in science, but it can't hurt, right? And to be great at math, it pays to start young, and my next guest is a - has a plan for you. Laura Overdeck is the founder of Bedtime Math. Her mission: to make math friendlier in a way by introducing kids to math problems at an early age.<p>And here's her plan. You get your kids into their PJs. You tuck them in with a math equation on top of their bedtime story. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35860 at Physicists Find New Particle, Look for Answers Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>This is SCIENCE FRIDAY. I'm Ira Flatow. This week, researchers reported that they think they've spotted the tell-tale signs of a previously undiscovered, subatomic particle. This one was unusual because it appeared to be made of four quarks bound together, an arrangement they have never seen before. And they're not sure exactly how that arrangement might work.<p>Yes, it's that mysterious world of particle physics we like to talk about. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35861 at Beaming Internet to the Boondocks, Via Balloon Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>This is SCIENCE FRIDAY, I'm Ira Flatow. If you have a smartphone, you might take the Internet for granted, right? It's always there. But around the world, some four and a half billion people still are not connected. Google, being in the Internet business, has a plan to expand its reach, bring Internet to all these people, but it's not by spooling out fiber-optic cable or building cell towers. It's using a technology that, well, sort of sounds like it belongs in another century: free-floating balloons. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35871 at A Calculating Win for China's New Supercomputer Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>Every six months, one of my next guests ranks the 500 fastest computers in the world, the supercomputers, and back in November 2010, China took number one for the first time with a supercomputer called Milky Way 1. President Obama acknowledged China's feat in his State of the Union address a few months later and said we were facing a Sputnik moment.<p>PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: And now it's our turn. We know what it takes to compete for the jobs and industries of our time. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35872 at Vegetables Respond to a Daily Clock, Even After Harvest Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>This is SCIENCE FRIDAY. I'm Ira Flatow. You open the door of your fridge and the light goes on, right? What if the light in your fridge could stay on and be programmed to help your veggies taste better or be more nutritious? Why? Well, it turns out that that head of cabbage on your grocery shelf isn't just sitting there as long as it's not too far after harvesting. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35873 at Coffee's Natural Creamer Transcript <p>IRA FLATOW, HOST: <p>Flora Lichtman is here with our Video Pick of the Week. And it is more coffee.<p>FLORA LICHTMAN, BYLINE: Our fabulous coffee series by the great Jenny Woodward continues on SCIENCE FRIDAY. Drink up, everybody. This week we're diving into a tiny glass of espresso.<p>FLATOW: Ooh. Ooh. So small dive.<p>LICHTMAN: You need to be very careful. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:17:00 +0000 editor 35877 at Nikky Finney Ponders Possibilities Of The Poetry Profession Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>Over the past several weeks, we checked in with our colleagues and friends in a series of conversations called "Looking Ahead," today, poet Nikky Finney. Two years ago, she riveted the audience as she accepted a National Book Award for her poetry collection "Head Off & Split."<p>(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED SPEECH)<p>NIKKY FINNEY: We begin with history. The slave codes of South Carolina, 1739. Thu, 20 Jun 2013 18:25:00 +0000 editor 35817 at The Business And Politics Of Air Quality Regulation In a speech in Germany Wednesday, President Barack Obama said it's time to take "bold action" on climate change. Many believe that major changes to policies on carbon emissions lie ahead, which would mean a host of new regulations for businesses. Thu, 20 Jun 2013 18:05:00 +0000 editor 35804 at 'Blood & Beauty' Breathes New Life Into The Borgias In the 1500s, Italy is bursting with some of the most influential and vivid figures in history. Thu, 20 Jun 2013 17:55:00 +0000 editor 35803 at 'Blood & Beauty' Breathes New Life Into The Borgias After A Surge Of Violence, The Threat Of A New Civil War In Iraq Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan.<p>Yesterday, seven people were killed and 24 wounded in bomb attacks in Iraq as a surge of violence there continues, 2,000 dead since April; numbers that haven't been seen since the worst days of 2006 and 2007. Then as now, the fighting is largely between Sunnis and Shiites, but this time, inflamed by the civil war raging next door in Syria.<p>NPR foreign correspondent Kelly McEvers just got back from a trip to Baghdad and joins us now from her base in Beirut. Thu, 20 Jun 2013 17:55:00 +0000 editor 35805 at Letters: Researching Rare Diseases, Only Children Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>It's Wednesday, and time to read from your comments. James in Laurel Hill, Fla., emailed during our conversation about research into rare diseases. "I would like to affirm the comment made by your guest about rare disease research leading to help for more common diseases," he wrote. "My nephew has brittle bone disease. Wed, 19 Jun 2013 18:04:00 +0000 editor 35762 at The Penultimate Edition Of The Political Junkie Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. The speaker clamps the Hastert Rule on immigration reform. Three Republican senators now support gay marriage. And the Bay State Senate race goes into its last week. Wed, 19 Jun 2013 17:41:00 +0000 editor 35732 at Will Work For Free? The Future Of The Unpaid Internship Transcript <p>NEAL CONAN, HOST: <p>This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. With school out, many college - and even some high school students - will spend the summer working as interns. It's a chance to beef up their resumes, gain on-the-job experience and make valuable contacts. Last week, a federal district court judge in New York issued a ruling that could change the system.<p>Judge William Pauley ruled in favor of two unpaid interns who worked on the movie "Black Swan," and they argued that Fox Searchlight Pictures violated minimum wage and overtime laws. Wed, 19 Jun 2013 17:36:00 +0000 editor 35733 at Deadpan Humor And Childhood Fears Collide In 'The Dark' If there's one thing kids are scared of, it's the dark. In his latest children's book, <em>The Dark</em>, Daniel Handler — who writes under the pen name Lemony Snicket — takes on darkness itself, with the story of a young boy who confronts his biggest fear. Handler is known for his dry wit and matter-of-fact take on the mysterious and macabre. Wed, 19 Jun 2013 17:36:00 +0000 editor 35731 at Deadpan Humor And Childhood Fears Collide In 'The Dark'