Spotlighting Background Singers In 'Twenty Feet From Stardom'

Jun 11, 2013
Originally published on June 11, 2013 9:22 am

Twenty Feet from Stardom, filmmaker Morgan Neville's new documentary, is a reminder that most of pop music's catchiest hooks, riffs and refrains were sung by voices harmonizing in the background. Neville says he wanted to put backup singers — black, female and honed in church — front and center.

"I was really more interested in people who were voices for hire," he says, "who were able to walk into sessions never knowing what they had to do and could bring it."

Bring it like Merry Clayton did for The Rolling Stones. In the documentary, she talks about going into the studio at 2 a.m., very pregnant with curlers in her hair, to add a kick to the iconic lick in "Gimme Shelter."

"I was gettin' ready to go to bed," she recalls. "We got a call. 'Merry, there's a group of guys in town called The Rolling Somebody's, and they're from England. They need somebody to sing with them.' They picked me up with silk pajamas on, a mink coat and a Chanel scarf on my head."

Clayton got a shot at stardom, but it never panned out. The film is filled with such heartbreak stories.

Darlene Love was the voice for hits credited to other singers in the 1950s and '60s — her career derailed by producer Phil Spector. In the documentary, she says she was so discouraged, she gave up music for many years.

"The only thing I thought I could do and make a little money to survive was I started cleaning houses," she says. "Yes, the great Darlene Love is cleaning houses."

The film shows stars like Bruce Springsteen, Stevie Wonder and Mick Jagger singing the praises of their backup singers, and Sting talking about making it in the music industry.

"It's not a level playing field," muses Sting. "It's not about fairness, not really about talent. It's circumstance, it's luck, it's destiny."

Rock 'n' Roll Lifestyle

Claudia Linnear, who's in the film, says all of the stories are bittersweet.

"Most of us were always bubbling under," she said when she came to visit NPR West.

Her story starts out in the 1970s when she was a teenaged Ikette in the Ike and Tina Turner Revue.

"Bam! We hit the floor running and you just better catch up or fasten your seatbelt," she remembers. "As soon as that curtain went up we were flying and singing and shaking. You just screaming, but make sure you're on key, because if we weren't, believe me, Ike was giving us the evil eye."

Soon, she was touring with Joe Cocker, posing for Playboy and partying with David Bowie and Mick Jagger, who co-wrote the song "Brown Sugar" in her honor.

"Ya know, that's what people say," she laughs. "But why didn't they write a song for me to sing? That would have made all the difference ... and why I dropped off the map. Because if you're not a songwriter yourself, a lot it does depend on the right material."

Linnear did get to record a solo album. It went nowhere. She had a daughter to support, bills to pay. And she got fed up with the rock 'n' roll lifestyle.

"After a while it seemed more about getting high instead of making music. I did my share, but enough's enough," she says. "I got tired of stepping over people passing out in my house, and one day I told them, 'Here's your hat and coat.' Then I closed shop and remembered the things I was trained about in college and took that path. That's where I dropped off the radar.

Linnear stopped singing.

"Nada. Zilch," she says.

She's been quietly teaching Spanish grammar at a small southern California college for the past 30 years.

"Most of my students didn't know but through the grapevine found out," says Linnear. "They say, 'I Googled your name last night and all this stuff came up. You sang with so and so.' Oh, boy, here we go."

Going Solo

Lisa Fischer got a little closer than 20 feet to stardom — she won a Grammy for her 1991 hit "How Can I Ease the Pain." But she says she found a solo career frightening.

"What didn't feel safe to me was the business aspect of it, the chess moves: it's strategic. This is war. All those things made me crazy," she says. "I just wanted a relationship with the music. And it just scared me too much, and I wasn't ready."

Fischer prefers singing backup, and she's sung with just about everybody from Luther Vandross (himself, once a background singer) to Chaka Khan to Sting. She's on the road now with The Rolling Stones.

"I think background singing is like being cradled, like being loved and supported," she says. "It's sacred to me."

Fischer says some people feel like singing background is akin to being a second-class citizen, but she likens it to sides of a tuning fork, blending and harmonizing voices together. The singers are often asked to improvise how they meld their voices with the lead singer.

Judith Hill says background singing, "adds so much charm to the record. You can feel it when you've got group of singers. It adds a whole other quality rather than one person tracking million times."

At 29, Hill represents the newest generation of background singers in the film. She was to duet with Michael Jackson on his comeback tour, which was cancelled by his death.

"That shook me a really long time, to be in rehearsal with the King of Pop the night before, then to see he's not with us," she says. "It was really, really hard."

Hill sang at Michael Jackson's funeral and on a world tour with Stevie Wonder. She also recorded the entire soundtrack to a Spike Lee movie. Just before the documentary premiered at the Sundance film festival, Hill decided to enter the TV singing competition, The Voice. She was considered the frontrunner, but two weeks ago, the audience voted to eliminate her from the finals.

"Everyone's like, 'Man, I'm so shocked,'" Hill says. "It seems now it's a country show. Middle America was watching the show that day. The demographic's different from my audience."

Now, Hill says she's determined to make a career with her own music.

"It's such a hard business, it's really hardcore," she says. "Now I wanna release an album, I wanna tour as much as possible and maybe something wild and crazy comes up again. But I think the key is to stay active and stay visible."

Hill says she learned that to make it big, a great voice alone is not enough. But she's already had more exposure than her predecessors had when they were starting out. Director Neville says he hopes Twenty Feet from Stardom brings success for all the featured background singers, like what The Buena Vista Social Club did for previously little known Cuban musicians. And his film asks a basic question about what stardom means.

"Who wants to be famous? Some do, but it's not the end all, be all," he says. "In a strange way, the people in our film may be having opportunities they didn't have in their careers because of the film, which is amazing."

Merry Clayton's solo recordings are being reissued to coincide with the movie. Darlene Love's biography was was recently re-released. Even Claudia Linnear says she's inspired to begin singing again. There's talk of a comeback tour for the stars of the documentary.

And when they were at NPR West, Claudia Linnear, Lisa Fischer and Judith Hill had another shot on the mic, when I asked them, on the spot, to sing the Morning Edition theme with me: "I hate to wake up in the morning/Please just let me sleep this morning/Let me stay in bed/And rest."

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

A new documentary shines the spotlight on background singers, those anonymous voices off to the side of the stage, as the film's title says, "Twenty Feet from Stardom." They'll take a few steps closer to fame when the film opens this Friday in New York and Los Angeles.

NPR's Mandalit del Barco sat down with the director and some of the women who share their stories in the film.

MANDALIT DEL BARCO, BYLINE: "Twenty Feet from Stardom" is a reminder that most of pop music's catchiest hooks were sung anonymously.

(SOUNDBITE OF "TAKE A WALK ON THE WILD SIDE")

CHORUS: (Singing) Do dado dado dododo do dado dado dododo dooooo...

BARCO: Filmmaker Morgan Neville says he wanted to put these unheralded voices - black, female, and honed in the church - front and center.

MORGAN NEVILLE: I was really more interested in looking at people who were kind of voices for hire, who were able to walk into sessions never knowing what they had to do and could bring it.

BARCO: Bring it like Merry Clayton did for the Rolling Stones.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "GIMME SHELTER")

MERRY CLAYTON: (Singing) Rape, murder, it's just a shot away. It's just a shot away. Yay, yeah, yay...

BARCO: Clayton got a shot at stardom but it never panned out. The film is filled with heartbreak stories. Darlene Love was the voice for hits credited to other singers in the 1950s and '60s, her career derailed by producer Phil Spector. In the documentary, she says she was so discouraged she'd gave up music for many years.

DARLENE LOVE: Only thing I thought I could do and make a little money to survive, you know, I started cleaning houses. Not the great Darlene Love? She's not doing cleaning houses. I said, yes, the great Darlene Love is, she is cleaning houses.

CLAUDIA LINNEAR: It's kind of bittersweet. Everybody was - most of us were always bubbling under.

BARCO: Claudia Linnear, who is also featured in the movie, told me about singing backup for Ike and Tina Turner.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

LINNEAR: Bam, we hit the floor running and you just better catch up because if we didn't, believe me, Ike was giving us the evil eye. So we had to perform. And if you didn't perform, when you got your check at the end of the week it had a list of deductions that he took out of your checks.

(LAUGHTER)

BARCO: Soon she was touring with Joe Cocker, posing for "Playboy," and partying with David Bowie and Mick Jagger, who co-wrote the song "Brown Sugar" in her honor.

LINNEAR: People focused on who wrote the song about who. But why didn't they write a song for me to sing? That would have made all the difference in me making that left to right turn, and why I dropped off of the map. Because if you're not a songwriter yourself, a lot it does depend on the right material.

BARCO: Linnear did get to record a solo album - it went nowhere. She had a daughter to support, bills to pay and she got fed up with the rock and roll lifestyle.

LINNEAR: I got tired of stepping over people passing out in my house. And one day I told them, look, here's your hat and coat. And then I just closed up shop and remembered the things I was trained about in college and took that path. And that's where I went. That's where I dropped off the radar.

BARCO: Linnear stopped singing.

LINNEAR: Nada. Zilch.

BARCO: She's been quietly teaching Spanish grammar at a small Southern California college for the past 30 years.

LINNEAR: Most of my students did not know but through the grapevine they started finding out. I Goggled your name last night and all this stuff came up. And I didn't know you did this. And you sang with so and so. And I'm like, oh boy, here we go.

(LAUGHTER)

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "EASE THE PAIN")

LISA FISCHER: (Singing) Give me all or nothing at all.

CHORUS: (Singing) How can I ease the pain?

BARCO: Lisa Fischer got a little closer than 20 feet to stardom. She won a Grammy for her 1991 hit "How Can I Ease the Pain?" But she says she found a solo career frightening.

FISCHER: I just didn't feel safe. You know, people have certain visions what they see for you. And, as they're doing their jobs, they may say, well, you know, chess move - this makes sense to do this. It's strategic. This is war. This is - you just don't know what's going to happen until the next move is made. And I think just all those things just made me crazy. It's like, I just wanted to have a relationship with the music. And that just scared me too much and I wasn't ready. I really wasn't ready.

BARCO: Fischer prefers singing backup and she's sung with just about everybody from Luther Van Dross to Chaka Kahn to Sting. She's on the road now with the Rolling Stones.

FISCHER: It feels like we're part of this one tuning fork and it's broken in half. And somehow together, when we're singing together, we're putting this tuning fork back together. Like, if you were to sing like one note, and I'd have to learn how you're singing this one note, and just hone it and change it until it feels like, (hums), until it's just one beautiful thing. It's like being cradled.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "DESPERATION")

JUDITH HILL: (Singing) Maybe where you're supposed to be, save the care within the crowd. But you're looking for a reason to break free. Seems like you want to scream but your voice is never too loud...

BARCO: Twenty-nine-year old Judith Hill represents the newest generation of background singers in the film. She was to duet with Michael Jackson on his comeback tour, which was cancelled by his death. She even had a shot on the TV competition show "The Voice," where she was a favorite before getting eliminated. Hill says she's determined to make a career with her own music.

HILL: It's such a hard, hard business.

(LAUGHTER)

HILL: I want to release an album. I want to tour as much as possible. But anytime I get the opportunity to sing background, I want to do it because it's so much fun. But I think the key is to stay active and stay in people's - stay visible.

BARCO: Hill is not counting on the new documentary for a career boost, as much as some of the older singers are. Merry Clayton's solo recordings are being reissued to coincide with the movie. Darlene Love's biography was recently rereleased. Even Claudia Linnear says she's inspired to begin singing again. There's talk of a comeback tour for the stars of the documentary. They got a little practice in our studio when I asked them on the spot to sing the MORNING EDITION theme - actually has words to it.

(LAUGHTER)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: Oh boy.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: Cool, play it. I'm game - whatever. Come on, I'm ready for a train wreck. Bring it on.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #3: But you have to sing it with us. That'll be part of the fun.

CHORUS: (Singing) I hate to wake up in the morning. Please, just let me sleep this morning. Let me stay in bed and rest.

(LAUGHTER)

BARCO: With Lisa Fischer, Claudia Linnear and Judith Hill, I'm Mandalit del Barco, NPR News.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: That's what I'm talking about.

(LAUGHTER)

WERTHEIMER: And this is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Linda Wertheimer.

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

And I'm Renee Montagne. And we're both really wide awake.

(LAUGHTER)

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.