The Missouri state auditor is the only official who examines how every other statewide office and most taxpayer-funded institutions —large or small, county governments and municipalities included — spend their money.
As a result, it’s often the auditor who shows up on the news when there’s evidence of misused or missing money, which explains why you’ve heard from Nicole Galloway recently. One of her high-profile reports brought to light that top officials in the University of Missouri System were receiving pricey bonuses, which has since stopped.
That attention is also part of the reason she’s a prime target of Republicans, who hope to take advantage of the fact that 2018 will be the first time Galloway is on a statewide ballot. (She is currently serving an appointed term.) She’s also the only Democrat with a statewide office in Jefferson City, an office seat the GOP wants back.
Galloway doesn’t promote that she’s a Democrat. Like many of her predecessors, she portrays her job as nonpartisan.
“When there are officials that are abusing their power, nobody wants that. That’s not a partisan message,” she said during an interview at Democrat Days in early March in Hannibal. “I view my office as independent and unconcerned with politics."
“I’m going to audit Republicans. I’m going to audit Democrats. That’s what my job is.” Galloway added. “It’s my job to hold them accountable and there needs to be an independent watchdog in Jefferson City doing that.”
An office for dreamers
Her approach makes for good politics, according to Dave Robertson, who’s the head of the political science department at the University of Missouri-St. Louis.
“The state auditor is an interesting political position because they can expose wrongdoing in government and it’s always popular,” he said.
For the past 40 years, the auditor’s seat has been the best launching pad for higher office. Republicans John Ashcroft and Kit Bond were both elected governor and to the U.S. Senate after their time as auditor, and Democrat Claire McCaskill used it to become a U.S. senator. And Galloway’s predecessor, Republican Tom Schweich, was in the midst of a gubernatorial campaign when he killed himself in February 2015.
But Galloway had an unusual path to the office: She was Boone County treasurer and a certified public accountant when she was chosen by then-Gov. Jay Nixon to take over the post after Schweich’s death. So, she will have held the job for almost four years before she faces voters for the first time in 2018.
GOP zeroes in on her low profile
“The incumbent was appointed, not elected, and subsequently her name ID is zero,” GOP consultant James Harris said. “And this is an office that Republicans have held more often than they have not, if you look over the last 25 years.”
Austin Stukins, the new executive director of the Missouri Republican Party, offered a hint of the approach the party is likely to take as it seeks to oust Galloway.
“Nicole Galloway is an unknown quantity to a majority of Missouri voters,’’ Stukins said. “Who exactly is this person?”
What the GOP aims to do is fill in those blanks in an unflattering way. Stukins deemed her part of “the ‘old guard,’ the regime of the past.”
He also made clear that Republicans will seek to tie Galloway to her better-known Democratic compatriot, McCaskill, who’ll be on the same ballot. In fact, the U.S. Senate and auditor contests will be the only statewide posts to go before voters next year.
Harris predicts their party’s potential candidates for auditor and Senate will formally announce bids soon after the legislative session ends May 12. Missouri House Speaker Todd Richardson, a Republican from Poplar Bluff, is being encouraged to challenge Galloway, but he declined to show his hand when he was asked about his plans.
“Right now, I’m focused on doing the job that the voters elected me to do and the caucus elected me to do as speaker,” Richardson said.
Galloway is doing the same thing, according to state Democratic Party chairman Stephen Webber.
“What’s she doing is focusing on doing a good job, on being nonpartisan, going where the facts lead her,” he said. “And I think that ultimately will pay off well for her in the next election.”
More significant audits in the wings
Galloway’s newest targets include several driver’s licenses offices around the state, including St. Louis. The offices are run by private contractors who win the state’s bidding process. In the past, those audits often uncovered some missteps. In 2014, dozens of the office contracts were rebid after Schweich’s audit highlighted several problems in the process.
Galloway also is taking a closer look at the latest corporate tax breaks that have hurt the state’s bottom line more than expected. The General Assembly acted in 2013 and 2015 to change how multi-state corporations pay their Missouri taxes. Although billed as a minor change, the cut appears to be costing the state several hundred million dollars a year.
“We have a $500 million hole that we’re going to have to dig ourselves out of. And right now, we’re doing it through cuts,” she said. “We need to take a fact-based, independent approach to see know did we get here? Are these policies doing what they’re supposed to be doing?”
Galloway’s audit on that topic is likely to put leaders in both parties in a poor light, since the corporate tax cuts at issue were approved overwhelmingly by Democrats and Republicans, and signed into law by Nixon. But it’s also likely to bolster the nonpartisan image Galloway is trying to cultivate.